Stirring fate of the Kingdom of Serbia on the sheets of London’s “Times”

8. March 2015.

Istorijske sveske 14

The February issue of the “Historical Notebooks”, which has been presented today in the Andrić Institute, brings five contributions on 44 pages. The first contribution entitled London’s “Times” on Serbia in 1915, translated by Maša Miloradović, is the first of three parts of how much will be published in the “Historical Notebooks”. It is about the chapter from the seventh volume of The Times history of the war, published in 1916, dedicated to stirring fate of the Kingdom of Serbia, whose content is about the descriptions of the state at the end of 1914, an epidemic of typhus, a large withdrawal in Thessaloniki and numerous other events of 1915.

In the already regular column “Documents”, Dr. Miroslav Perišić and Aleksandar Marković published a document on the topic of War refugees. First of published documents is the “Act to help the ones in a trouble in the war” adopted by the National Assembly of the Kingdom of Serbia on the 10th December 1914. Among the published documents special attention deserves report of the Minister of the Internal affairs, Ljubomir Jovanović – to the Prime Minister, Nikola Pašić about the refugees from the areas where there were fights in the autumn 1914. In late December 1914, the Minister of Internal Affairs in the following way described the dramatic situation in Serbia:

“From Belgrade have fled almost all the population of about 85,000 people; from Belgrade county have fled 80,000 people; from the region around the Drina River, with a population of around 252,000 inhabitants, all the inhabitants have left their homes; from Valjevo county 107,000 inhabitants have fled; from the district of Užice have fled 75,000 inhabitants; from Rudnik county have fled 44,000 inhabitants.

From the refugee population somewhat have returned to their homes, at the most 315,000 inhabitants. The others are still at the shelters. Individuals who have returned home have found partially burned, partially torn and ravaged houses… ”

In its two contributions Dr. Goran Miloradović deals with Serbian propaganda in Russia in 1916 and the first unsuccessful attempt of the creation of the Yugoslav army in Russia in 1916. Substantially particularly noteworthy is so far unknown report by Aleksandar Belić and Stanoje Stanojević published within the contribution of the Serbian propaganda in Russia in 1916.

About Dr. Edward Ryan, a member of the American Voluntary Medical Mission in Serbia, writes Branko Bogdanović. Edward Ryan is a person who has left a special mark in the life of the occupied Belgrade during the First World War because he stayed in the city and took over the protection of the military and the General State Hospital after the decision of the Supreme Command of Serbian Serbian army to leave Belgrade.

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